On the factorization of non-commutative polynomials (in free associative algebras)
K. Schrempf - On the factorization of non-commutative polynomials (in free associative algebras) - JOURNAL OF SYMBOLIC COMPUTATION, 2019, pp. 126-148
We describe a simple approach to factorize non-commutative polynomials, that is, elements in free associative algebras (over a commutative field), into atoms (irreducible elements) based on (a special form of) their minimal linear representations. To be more specific, a correspondence between factorizations of an element and upper right blocks of zeros in the system matrix (of its representation) is established. The problem is then reduced to solving a system of polynomial equations (with at most quadratic terms) with commuting unknowns to compute appropriate transformation matrices (if possible).