The Development and Growth of a Physical Internet Consortium
M. Plasch, Z. Zacharia, M. Gerschberger, M. Winter - The Development and Growth of a Physical Internet Consortium - 13th European Research Seminar (ERS CSCMP) 2018, Rotterdam, Niederlande, 2018
Challenges for future of logistics are very diverse including the need to better utilize warehouse capacity and transportation efficiency and develop sustainable logistics practices. In order to meet these challenging logistics requirements, new forms of cooperation between not just supply chain partners as found in the past but also among competitors needs to happen. The Physical Internet (PI) is seen as such a visionary framework concept that includes both shared freight transport and information exchange within an open network involving competing and non-competing firms. The European Technology Platform ALICE (Alliance for Logistics Innovation through Collaboration in Europe) has adopted the PI concept and is pursuing the implementation of PI transportation projects by 2050. This research is focused on evaluating such a PI related project that is focused on the formation and facilitation of a group of organizations – a consortium – in the context of a PI environment. This research deals with the necessity for intensive cooperation and a more rigorous exchange of data that will affect the extent to which companies involve themselves in relationships with competitors in the future. Preliminary findings show that aside from the dynamics of cooperation and competition, there are several success factors that need to be met in order to be able to best organize and use the available resources and create value within the consortium. Research results so far report that stakeholder roles and requirements within a PI consortium vary and can change dramatically. Identified barriers so far show different levels of technological and organizational readiness, high conflict potentials and the need for neutral partner roles and set(s) of rules to support trust mechanisms.