Wood polymer composites versus thermally treated wood versus wood: cyclic testing
H. Andreas, M. Reitberger, J. Lesslhumer, B. Plank, U. Müller - Wood polymer composites versus thermally treated wood versus wood: cyclic testing - European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, Vol. 72, No. 6, 2014, pp. 815-823
This article deals with the differences in the long-term durability and thermal stability under load of terrace deckings from various materials. The tested materials were deckings made of wood, thermally modified timber (TMT), and wood–polymer–composites (WPC). For the determination of the test temperatures for component testing according to EN 310, the surface temperatures of the decks during a normal hot summer day were measured. A cyclic test according to EN 321 was applied to all decking materials. Afterwards the component testing was repeated. All wooden samples reveal considerable cracks, some were twisted, and few were even broken. In particular regarding the optical appearance, wood decks show advantages against the TMT decks. Some WPC decks show very fine cracks on the face, which were additionally analyzed by means of X-ray computed tomography (CT). Except for the WPC deck with higher wood content, no WPC deck revealed significant changes after the cyclic test. The CT analysis was also suitable to find cracks inside the materials and illustrate them. Thus, the whole damage inside a sample could be characterized by calculating a kind of error pattern. No considerable cracks or failures could be observed on the WPC decks.