Affinity Based Slotting in Warehouses with Dynamic Order Patterns

Publication, 2014


M. Kofler, A. Beham, S. Wagner, M. Affenzeller - Affinity Based Slotting in Warehouses with Dynamic Order Patterns in Advanced Methods and Applications in Computational Intelligence (Contributions to Book: Part/Chapter/Section 7), (Editors: R. Klempous, J. Nikodem, W. Jacak, Z. Chaczko) - Springer Gabler, 2014, pp. 123-143


There has been a wealth of research on warehouse optimization since the 1960s, and in particular on increasing order picking efficiency, which is one of the most labor intensive processes in many logistics centers. In the last ten years, affinity based slotting strategies, which place materials that are frequently ordered/picked together close to each other, have started to emerge. However, the effects of changing customer demand patterns on warehousing efficiency have not been investigated in detail. The aim of this chapter is to extend the classic storage location assignment problem (SLAP) to a multi-period formulation (M-SLAP) and to test and compare how various allocation rules, and in particular an affinity based policy, perform in such dynamic scenarios. A first benchmark instance for the M-SLAP is presented.