Testing a Modified Version of Schwartz’s Portrait Values Questionnaire to Measure Organizational Values in a University Context
D. Wetzelhütter, C. Nnebedum, J. De Wet, J. Bacher - Testing a Modified Version of Schwartz’s Portrait Values Questionnaire to Measure Organizational Values in a University Context - Journal of Human Values, Vol. 26, No. 3, 2020, pp. 209-227
Schwartz developed his Theory of Basic Human Values and corresponding instruments, the portrait values questionnaire (PVQ) and the Schwartz values survey (SVS), in order to measure personal values. He uses these instruments (in a slightly modified form) in conjunction with his Theory of Cultural Value Orientations to measure cultural or societal values. His theoretical work is also used in studying organizational values; however, none of these instruments seem suitable to compare personal and perceived organizational values. If the PVQ is widely used to measure personal values, and we need commensurate measures of the person and organization for comparative analysis, then can we not minimally adjust the PVQ to measure organizational values? In this article we discuss the testing of one such adjusted PVQ used for gauging universities’ organizational values. We developed the PVQ-uni to measure university values as perceived by students. We collected data from sociology departments at two universities, one in Austria (n = 133) and one Nigeria (n = 156). We then tested the reliability and the validity of the new instrument. Based on the data collected, we found that the PVQ-uni is a reliable and valid instrument; however, further refinements are needed for the instrument to be used successfully in Africa.