Near Field Communication: State of Standardization
G. Madlmayr, J. Ecker, J. Langer, J. Scharinger - Near Field Communication: State of Standardization - Proceedings of the Internet-of-Things 2008, Zürich, Schweiz, 2008, pp. 6
Near Field Communication (NFC) is an RF-based proximity coupling technology allowing transaction within a range of up to 10 cm. Whereas the physical and the data link layer of NFC are already standardized by ISO, ECMA and ETSI, it's the NFC-Forum's task to get a common agreement on data protocols, security measures and layers above. The NFC-Forum is a non-profit industrial consortia cooperating with other standardization and special interest groups like the GSMA, the JavaCard Form, GlobalPlatform as well as industry partners from transport and payment businesses and many more. With NFC, a key technology is on its way into the consumer's most personal device. Interoperability is one of the most important goal to be achieved prior to roll out devices and services, in order to satisfied the consumer's expectations. In order to realized a vision where goods and device can interact requires the industry players to adopt and stick to a standard. However, relying on a standard for exchanging bits is not the overall solution. Interoperability must be granted also on all layers. Additionally, already during standardization security must be considered closely as well. This paper discuses the actors' goals and strategies during the process of NFC's standardization, which parties investigate on with part of the technology and fields where standardization would be required but has not yet begun. The reader gets a sound understanding on NFC technology and its holistic impact on applications and services in the Internet of Things.