Model based prediction of required cut size diameter for fractionation of fly ash from a grate-fired wood chip incineration plant
C. Lanzerstorfer - Model based prediction of required cut size diameter for fractionation of fly ash from a grate-fired wood chip incineration plant - FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY, Vol. 92, No. 5, 2011, pp. 1095-1100
Utilisation of biomass ash as soil improvement material is limited by the admissible input of heavy metals. It is well known that heavy metal concentrations are increased in fine ash fractions. In this study, two models are investigated to describe the distribution of various heavy metals in different size fractions of fly ash from a grate-fired biomass incineration plant incinerating wood chips. The second model assuming a dependence of the heavy metal concentration from the reciprocal particle diameter to the power of the variable N correlated well with measured concentrations. This model was then used in the calculation of the required cut size of a classifier for the production of a coarse fraction with heavy metal concentrations below limits from a fly ash sample exceeding the Austrian limits for soil improvement material. The predicted concentrations of the critical heavy metals Cd and Pb and the total mass of the coarse fraction produced corresponded well with measured values, and although the concentration of Zn was considerably underestimated in the model, the produced coarse fraction was within the limits for utilisation.