The Department of Medical Engineering (Medical Engineering) is a national and international R & D partner for the development and manufacture of medical devices. We cooperate with manufacturers and suppliers. New technologies for medical applications are also being researched and evaluated for health care facilities. The work is carried out according to the European state of the art (harmonized standards), fulfilling the essential requirements of medical devices according to MDD, AAIMDD and IVDD.
The following research areas and special laboratories are operated:
• ReSSL - Hybrid simulators for surgery
Real-time simulators for the training and training of doctors
The new research and development of hybrid surgical simulators is the aim of the new research group ReSSL (Research Group for Surgical Simulators Linz). Hybrid simulators represent a combination of model- and computer-based simulation systems and combine their advantages. Using a computer model, users can visualize morphological structures and physiological processes in detail. Physical anatomical patient models provide a realistic haptic for the trained surgeon, thus the advantages of the desired development. Navigation systems allow real-time detection of the position of instruments, implants and anatomical structures. Together with the 3D data of anatomical patient models and instruments, imaging is also possible without X-ray radiation using suitable algorithms. The objective is to evaluate and analyze the surgical procedure. In addition to measuring the mechanical stresses of critical anatomical structures - such as nerves - it is also possible to simulate bleeding.
• MotionLab Motion analysis
Investigate movement patterns and patterns for rehabilitation, health care and aging society
Movements are - properly executed - essential to stay healthy. Too little movement leads directly to weight problems, and an incorrect sitting position in the office usually ends with chronic back problems.
In our "Movement and Prosthetics Laboratory" we use state-of-the-art technical methods for quantitative movement detection. Not only expensive, high-precision sensors are used, but also technologies from the entertainment industry, such as the Nintendo Wii or the Microsoft Kinect. For the evaluation of the data we work closely with practicing therapists, physicians and with clinical researchers to optimize the clinical diagnosis as well as the therapy for movement disorders.
Intelligent prostheses and neuro-coupling
The research area deals with the development of arm and leg prostheses, which give people with amputations as much mobility and independence as possible. The technical orientation of the research is divided into the areas of sensor technology (sensation with prostheses), motorics (control of the prostheses) and prosthesis attachment (securing the prostheses to the body). In order to restore motor functions, separated nerves are coupled to the prostheses and the interaction between the prosthesis and the human being is investigated using artificial neural networks. In order to improve the wearing comfort of the prostheses, attachment variants on the amputation stump are examined and the causes of the frequently stressful (weather-dependent) phantom and neuroma pain are imitated. The research is carried out with the intensive involvement of people with amputations with the aim of continuously evaluating research results on their practical usability and utilizing them in cooperation with the industry.
• 3D / microscopy laboratory
High-resolution microscopy as a supplement to imaging methods in medicine
Research concentrates on methodological aspects
• Biosignal analysis and processing,
• Biomedical microscopy (3D fluorescence, AFM, et al.),
• Miniaturized electronics, measurement technology and sensor technology,
• Modeling and simulation,
• Further development of standards for the production of medical software and medical IT systems.