Publikation

Direct observation of cargo transfer from HDL particles to the plasma membrane

Outline:

B. Plochberger, M. Axmann, C. Röhrl, J. Weghuber, M. Brameshuber, S. Mayr, R. Ros, R. Bittman, H. Stangl, G. Schütz - Direct observation of cargo transfer from HDL particles to the plasma membrane - ATHEROSCLEROSIS, 2018, pp. 53-59

Abstract:

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exchange of cholesterol between high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles and cells is a key process for maintaining cellular cholesterol homeostasis. Recently, we have shown that amphiphilic cargo derived from HDL can be transferred directly to lipid bilayers. Here we pursued this work using a fluorescence-based method to directly follow cargo transfer from HDL particles to the cell membrane. METHODS: HDL was either immobilized on surfaces or added directly to cells, while transfer of fluorescent cargo was visualized via fluorescence imaging. RESULTS: In Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing the scavenger receptor class B type 1 (SR-B1), transfer of amphiphilic cargo from HDL particles to the plasma membrane was observed immediately after contact, whereas hydrophobic cargo remained associated with the particles; about 60% of the amphiphilic cargo of surface-bound HDL was transferred to the plasma membrane. Essentially no cargo transfer was observed in cells with low endogenous SR-B1 expression. Interestingly, transfer of fluorescently-labeled cholesterol was also facilitated by using an artificial linker to bind HDL to the cell surface. CONCLUSIONS: Our data hence indicate that the tethering function of SR-B1 is sufficient for efficient transfer of free cholesterol to the plasma membrane