Packet Sniffer for the Physical Layer of the Single Wire Protocol


M. Roland, C. Saminger, J. Langer - Packet Sniffer for the Physical Layer of the Single Wire Protocol - Proceedings FH Science Day 2008, Linz, Österreich, 2008, pp. 34-41


The Single Wire Protocol (SWP, ETSI TS 102 613) is intended as direct interface between a mobile phone's SIM card (UICC) and the mobile phone's contactless front-end (CLF). The SWP's final technical specification has just been released. The first devices implementing this communication protocol, mainly in its draft versions, are already in production. As a consequence there will be a demand for a test suite implementing a reference design and test methods for both the SWP master and the SWP slave. With communication protocols it is usually important to debug communication problems between multiple devices. One way to trace and decode the transferred data packets are packet sniffers. These systems contain hardware components and software implementations to wiretap and analyze the physical interface of the connection, to capture the data and to decode the packets into human readable information. The SWP uses a single wire for full-duplex communication between one master and one slave device. While master-to-slave data transfers take place in the voltage domain, slave-to-master data transfers take place in the current domain. In a first step, this paper discusses approaches to intercept the communication on the SWP's data wire without influencing the actual communication. The information tapped from the SWP's data wire is still difficult to be read by hand. Thus, in a second step, a method for retrieving the state of the single wire interface is developed. Moreover, this paper gives an overview on how to decode the data link layer communication from the intercepted data streams.