Air classification – a potential treatment method of fine grained residues collected in dry off-gas cleaning systems of high temperature processes for optimized dust recycling or utilization
C. Lanzerstorfer - Air classification – a potential treatment method of fine grained residues collected in dry off-gas cleaning systems of high temperature processes for optimized dust recycling or utilization - WASTE MANAGEMENT & RESEAECH, Vol. 33, No. 11, 2015, pp. 1041-1044
In the dust collected from the off-gas of high temperature processes usually components which are volatile at process temperature are enriched. In the recycling of the dust the concentration of these volatile components is frequently limited to avoid operation problems. Also for external utilization the concentration of such volatile components, especially heavy metals, is often restricted. The concentration of the volatile components is usually higher in the fine fractions of the collected dust. Therefore, air classification is a potential treatment method to deplete the coarse material from these volatile components by splitting off a fines fraction with an increased concentration of those volatile components. In this work the procedure of a sequential classification using a laboratory air classifier and the calculations required for the evaluation of air classification for a certain application were demonstrated by taking the example of a fly ash sample from a biomass combustion plant. In the investigated example the Pb content in the coarse fraction could be reduced to 60% by separation of 20% fines. For the non-volatile Mg the content was almost constant. It can be concluded that air classification is an appropriate method for the treatment of off-gas cleaning residues.